Sadhu [Saint] means... First test is
that he is unflinching, without any deviation. Api cet sudura...,
bhajate mam ananya-bhak. Ananya-bhak means he does not know
anything except the service of the Lord. That is the
qualification of sadhu. So similarly, in other places also, the
definition of sadhu is there. Sadhu means titiksavah: he's very
tolerant because a sadhu has to face so many opposing elements
and sometimes very offensive, but he has to tolerate. Titiksavah.
At the same time, karunikah, very merciful. The same man who is
torturing him, torturing him, he is trying to convince him about
Krsna. That means very merciful. He's not rejecting. Although
he's torturing him, but he's trying to convince him, Krsna.
Therefore karunikah. And he is not friend of any particular
society or man. Suhrdah sarva-dehinam. He is well-wisher of all
living entities. It doesn't matter whether he's Indian,
American, or black and white. No, no conception. Or even human
being or animal. He is kind to everyone, friend, well-wisher of
everyone. Ajata-satravah. He does not create any enemies.
Such... These are the qualifications of sadhu.
from a Room Conversation with Malcolm, July 18, 1973, London]
although Tamal and co. were torturing Prabhupada, His Divine
Grace was trying to convince them about Krishna.
The very thing
that Prabhupada describes about a sadhu [himself] above, is
revealed very clearly in the super excellent work of Dhanesvara
prabhu. In chapter five of "When a Man is Poisoned It Is Said
Like That", Prabhupada's tolerance and mercy is clearly
If you wish to
purchase this awesome PC DVD then
follow this link for more information.
Before we take a
look at chapter five of Dhanesvara prabhu's work, let us have a
look at chapter three:
Three – An Introduction to
The Phenomena of Reverse Speech
Much of this chapter is
taken from a paper I had written for my Reverse Speech
training class. David Oates liked it and has posted it on
his web site under the "Student Papers" section. It
provides an introduction to the phenomena, but it is not
exhaustive. The reader is encouraged to expand his or her
understanding of Reverse Speech by visiting the Reverse
Speech web site and by practicing locating their own speech
reversals using the wave editing software included on this
The Discovery and History of Reverse
The discovery of
Reverse Speech, like so many important discoveries in this
world, came as an accident, or perhaps we should say,
serendipity. Its discovery came about as a result of an
intentional act, a marketing ploy by entertainers who led a
generation with their creative endeavors—the Beatles.
Perhaps as a means to turn around their failing popularity
as a result of a serious faux pax, saying that they were
more popular than Christ, the Beatles intentionally dubbed a
soundtrack in reverse onto one of their recordings. The idea
was to challenge fans to see if they could find hidden
verbal messages. It worked. All over the world people were
buying Beatles albums and recordings
of other performers and manually
rotating their turntables backwards to see if they could
hear the messages. The surprise however, was that along with
the messages that were intentionally placed in reverse,
other messages, references to Satan, were also
found—messages which seemed to confirm what some had
believed all along—rock and roll music was inspired by the
intentionally recorded in reverse came to be known as
"backward masking" and when the recording was played in
reverse they were as intelligible and clear as any forward
recording was. When the record was played in regular forward
mode the backward masking was usually "buried" among the
guitar riffs so as to be "masked," and not meant to be heard
well. These messages varied among performers from
straightforward communications to cryptic and mysterious
messages which may have had no factual meaning.
The search for backward
masked messages led to the surprise findings of other
intelligible sounds, and many references to Satan. The
morality of people in the ‘70’s was still such that this was
shocking to many people (Good thing it wasn’t discovered in
the ‘90’s—it might just have been written off as "normal").
Such findings led to the thorough examination of hundreds of
rock music recordings in reverse, and the findings of many
references to Satan and hell. Parents became concerned that
their children were being unwittingly subjected to satanic
programming, ministers railed against the decadence of rock
and roll music, and legislation was even introduced in
California to require record publishers to warn listeners of
any records which intentionally had backward sounds
One Person Listened Further
While the sensation of
backward masking and satanic messages was tormenting the
more righteous among us, no one it seems had the curiosity
of looking at the phenomena further—except for one inspired
individual in Australia, David John Oates, a former
insurance broker. Working at the time as a youth counselor,
those in his charge had come to him with the shocking news.
David, in an effort to dispel the idea, rigged a tape player
to play in reverse, and found out that it was indeed
true—intelligible messages were found when recording were
played in reverse. He also had the initiative to see if the
phenomena was limited to music, or if such messages were
also present in other forms of communication.
He began to play all types of recordings
backwards—speeches, conversation, arguments, infants cooing
and babbling—and made what will surely come to be known as
one of the most significant discoveries of all time: all
human verbal communication has not just a public face, the
one meant to be shown, but it also has a hidden side, one
that is covert but which communicates nonetheless,
additional information which is just as, or perhaps even
more important than, the sounds which we consciously hear.
David became very
involved in the study of speech reversals and eventually
labeled this form of communication "Reverse Speech," a very
descriptive moniker. His study became very thorough. He
documented a variety of forms and structures of reversals
and categorized them, and connected the voices of the
reversals with the understanding of the subconscious and
collective unconscious as put forward by Carl Jung. The
study became quite deep and detailed, and gradually evolved
to a general theory of verbal human communication. The
theory, developed over a decade of research, contributes
immensely to our understanding of the communication process,
and brings to humanity a new and bright horizon in
communication to see and explore.
The Theory of Reverse Speech and Speech
Oates’ called his
general theory of verbal human communication The Theory of
Reverse Speech and Speech Complimentarity and it addresses
the significant features of Reverse Speech. It states that
1) Human speech has two distinctive and complementary
functions and modes, and 2) these two modes of speech are
dependent upon each other.
The Overt, or Conscious,
Mode is spoken forwards and is constructed by conscious
cognitive processes. The Covert, or Unconscious, Mode,
spoken simultaneously with the Overt Mode, is a reversal of
forward speech sounds constructed by subconscious processes.
Together they form an integral part of communication, and
both modes of speech together communicate the total psyche
of a person—conscious as well as unconscious.
But How Does It Happen?
How does Reverse Speech
happen? How does the human mind construct cognitive,
meaningful communication in reverse while speech goes on
forward? Oates’ research has shown that speech reversals
occur with greater frequency when the speaker is more
emotionally charged. Formal speeches have very few
reversals, perhaps one every two to three minutes. As a
person speaks in a more informal and relaxed environment the
reversals increase in number. And when a person is highly
emotionally aroused the reversals will occur with a
frequency of every 2-3 seconds.
These findings show that
emotions play an important role in Reverse Speech. Emotions
have been shown to be a function of the right hemisphere of
the brain. Hence, Reverse Speech Theory suggests that while
the left side of the brain generates the overt, forward
speech, it is the right side of the brain which contributes
the covert, reverse speech. The right side of the brain then
must work in conjunction with the left side of the brain so
that the words chosen in overt communication will create
sounds which form the intelligible sounds of the covert
communication. An amazing feat! This can account for a
speaker’s pauses, stammerings, and fumbling over the choice
of words as he speaks. The words are we choose to express
our conscious mind are in part selected by the unconscious
mind to communicate our unconscious thoughts.
The Many Parts of Reverse Speech
Reverse Speech is as
universal a language as forward speech—everyone speaks it,
and we all hear it. However, Reverse Speech differs in many
ways from normal forward speech. Thousands of hours of
studying many tens of thousands of speech reversals by Oates
has revealed significant variety in:
the information content
of reversals spoken,
the language of Reverse
the syntax of
and the intended
audience for the reversals.
It should be noted that
this work has been pioneered largely by David Oates but has
subsequently been confirmed by dozens of Reverse Speech
investigators over the years. This report adds nothing
original to Oates' work, but reports what he has learned
through years of tedious research.
Five: Conversations in Reverse Speech
Reverse Speech Conversation Four
Prabhupada Appeals to Tamal
Prabhupada wants Tamal to
save him and in this exchange repeatedly appeals to him in a
number of ways, such as challenging his ego and even
offering a bribe. He is aware that Tamal is not listening to
him however. Tamal is resolute and rebuffs Prabhupada by
telling him flatly that he cannot be saved.
This section is taken from BBT
tape T38B Counter 263 forward.
The locations of speech
reversals are noted by square brackets [ ].
So far I am thinking, I'm
not improving in strength. And how can I improve [by drinking
little] [barley and milk] and little fruit juice? I have no
appetite for anything else. [In case] I... [Most probably], I am
diminishing my strength. So...
Tamal Krishna: [Most probably diminish
Prabhupada: [Yes, because...]
Tamal Krishna: [How]? I don't see that
you're diminishing in your strength.
Prabhupada: Yes, I cannot sit.
Tamal Krishna: But you haven't been able
to sit for a long time. You mean you cannot si[t up now even.]
Prabhupada: [In that also, I am
Tamal Krishna: That's a fact. Now when
you try and sit up, you always fall over to the side.
Prabhupada: So in case... ["In case,"
no]. From the fact I can see that I have no appetite. [Then how
I can increase] strength?
Tamal Krishna: Well, I can only repeat
the words of the Kaviraj.
Prabhupada: No, that is not...
Tamal Krishna: He states that you can't
expect to eat as long as the liver and the kidneys are not
Prabhupada: So that is not functioning.
Tamal Krishna: Well, he says that he can
get it to function properly.
Prabhupada: [He says], but I practically
Tamal Krishna: But his medicine cannot...
He also says that his medicine [cannot be judged] over a period
of five or six days.
Prabhupada comments that
Tamal will not listen to any argument, and he therefore
offers him a bribe in the next speech reversal. This
bribe may refer to money or anything else that
Prabhupada can offer.
Prabhupada instructed his
disciples in diplomatic ways of dealing with others,
bribery sometimes working where other appeals will not.
Here is is following his own advice by offering Tamal
whatever he would like if he will save him.
Prabhupada here reminds
Tamal that he saved Tamal by bringing him to Krishna
Consciousness, and asks him if he can remember what he
has done for him. This is an appeal to his sense of
indebtedness to Prabhupada.
Tamal declines the offer by
simply telling him that his life is finished. Tamal
already had full control of the movement and its assets
anyway so the bribe meant nothing to him. As we heard
above Tamal was firmly of the opinion that everyone
would follow him after it was all through.
A link reversal. Link
reversals indicate deep understanding, sympathy or
congruity between the two speakers. Prabhupada and Tamal
both knew the score here and what was transpiring. Given
the circumstances they speak together as a single voice
to ask what kind of love is this where the disciple
neglects the order of the guru, and takes his money and
his life. Notice that the quality of Tamal's voice is
raspy and matches Prabhupada's here, as the tonal
quality is shared in all Link Reversals.
Again Prabhupada challenges
Tamal, and let's him know that his activities have been
revealed. In this exchange Prabhupada uses various
psychological manipulations to look for Tamal's
weakness. A master of human psychology, Prabhupada is
working Tamal from every angle. Tamal feels this as
indicated in his next reversal "dodge the panic." He is
skillfully acting to avoid losing his will to kill
Try ‘n save me
So in case... ["In case," no]. From the
fact I can see that I have no appetite.
Now Prabhupada challenges
Tamal in a positive sense to save him. Prabhupada
clearly would like to change the way things are going,
but we have seen clearly that all the while he was
surrendered to the will of the Lord. As he often quoted,
man proposes, God disposes. By his actions and speech he
was proposing to go on with his life and his mission.
Another proof that this was no mercy killing.
Is there any way Prabhupada
can make Tamal want to save him? He's already offered to
bribe him, made a direct appeal, and challenged him in
several ways: his ego in failing, his sense of
indebtedness and his love. Next he will attempt from a
position of authority telling him that his work is not
done until he saves his life. All of this of course is
to no effect.
Prabhupada's next attempt
and challenge. Tamal recognizes it as such and clearly
rebuffs him with the next reversal.
You cannot be
All right. Okay. In [case you don't
increase]. Because I don't think we can say... Unless we want to
say that this Kaviraj is absolutely wrong. But if we accept...
The arguments presented
here by Prabhupada are so complete and thorough that this
could well be a conversation in forward speech. He has
attempted to gain Tamal's cooperation through every
conceivable angle. Tamal cautions himself and flatly refuses
to comply. Can anyone say these are coincidental sounds?
Impossible. This conversation is completely consistent with
and relevant to the drama that is being played out at the